Artikelen in alfabetische volgorde:

A railway on the Mekong

A railway on the Mekong

The only railway constructed by the French in Laos was situated on two small islands in the Mekong.

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Akha Swing Festival, ethnic culture in the mountains

Akha Swing Festival, ethnic culture in the mountains

Once a year, at the peak of the rainy season, the colourful Akha people celebrate a four day festival in their villages in the mountains of the North. During these days they ‘swing for freedom’.

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Arboreal excursion along Chiang Mai’s City moats

Arboreal excursion along Chiang Mai’s City moats

An amazing variety of trees species can be found along Chiang Mais moat around the former city walls and fortifications, contributing to the popularity of its banks as picnic site among the locals and also making its botanical exploration worthwhile.

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Asian elephants, domestic work force and tanks of the past

Asian elephants, domestic work force and tanks of the past

Asian elephants in Thai history, culture, Buddhism and tourism. Also about their domestication, work force in the teak trade and venerated white elephants.

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Betel quid—a harmless narcotic in decline

Betel quid—a harmless narcotic in decline

For thousands of years the peoples of Southern Asia and Melanasia were inveterate chewers of betel, giving rise to the claim that it was the most widely used narcotic in human history. Despite the rapid decline since the 19th century, millions still enjoy their home-grown drug.

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Burma’s failing socialism—1984

Burma’s failing socialism—1984

A sketch of Burma’s political and economic situation in 1984, when the country was under the military rule of strongman Ne Win.

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Burmese student rebels—1989

Burmese student rebels—1989

A visit to the camps of Burmese student rebels and the Karen army along the Thai-Burmese border, March-April 1989.

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Carl Bock’s frustrating odyssey in North Thailand, 1881-82

Carl Bock’s frustrating odyssey in North Thailand, 1881-82

About the travels of Norwegian adventurer Carl Bock in northern Thailand in the early 1880s, as reported in his book Temples and Elephants (1884).

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Colubridae-2-D-G-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Illustrated check list of Colubrid snakes in the genera Dendrelaphis (bronze backs), Dinodon (wolf snakes), Dryocalamus (bridle snakes), Dryophiops (whip snakes), Gongylosoma (ground snakes), Gonyosoma (racers, rat snakes)

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Colubridae-3-H-L-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Species of Colubrid snakes in the genera Liopeltis (ring necks) and Lycodon (wolf snakes) that occur in northern Thailand, such as Lycodon capucinus, Lycodon fasciatus, Lycodon laoensis and Lycodon subcinctus

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Colubridae-4-M-O-Check List snakes northern Thailand

About 12 species of snakes in the Colubrid genera Oligodon, Oreocryptophis and Orthriophis occur in northern Thailand, such as the Banded Kukri Snake (Oligodon fasciolatus), the Red Mountain racer (Oreocryptophis porphyracea) and the Cave Racer (Orthriophis taeniurus).

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Colubridae-5-P-S-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Descriptions and pictures of the Colubrid snakes Plagiopholis nuchalis, the sand snake Psammophis indochinensis, the rat snakes Ptyas carinata, P. korros, P. mucosa and P. nigromarginata and the blackhead Sibynophis collaris which have been recorded in northern Thailand

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Corn or maize, essential crop for millions of Thai farmers

Corn or maize, essential crop for millions of Thai farmers

About corn as a major crop in the uplands of Northern Thailand, millions of people depending on it, with historical notes on its domestication.

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Cylindrophiidae-Check list northern Thailand

Only 1 species in the family Cylindrophiidae (pipe snakes) occurs in northern Thailand, Cylindrophis jodiae.

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Daboia siamensis, the deadly Eastern Russell’s Viper

Daboia siamensis, the deadly Eastern Russell’s Viper

The Eastern Russell’s viper (Daboia siamensis) is Thailand’s only true viper, larger than all pit-viper species in the country, and considered one of the world’s most dangerous snakes.

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Death Highway to Umphang—fifty miles through the clouds

Death Highway to Umphang—fifty miles through the clouds

A 164-km-long asphalt road, Highway 1090, links the town of Mae Sot with Umphang, in a remote corner of Tak Province, cutting through the scenic mountains near the Burmese border, rich in natural attractions.

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Dendrelaphis cyanochloris, the Blue Bronzeback

Dendrelaphis cyanochloris, the Blue Bronzeback

This very slender bronzeback occurs widely in evergreen mountain forest. It is harmless but bites easily.

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Dendrelaphis nigroserratus, the Sawtooth-necked Bronzeback

Dendrelaphis nigroserratus, the Sawtooth-necked Bronzeback

This beautiful species was first described in 2012. It is only known from relatively isolated areas in Phetchaburi, Kanchanaburi and Tak Provinces and adjacent areas in southeastern Myanmar.

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Dipterocarps, trees dominating the forests of tropical Asia

Dipterocarps, trees dominating the forests of tropical Asia

The family of Dipterocarpeceae consists of trees with winged seeds that are dominant elements in the forests of tropical Asia, many of them being of great economic value.

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Doi Inthanon, Thailand’s highest peak with cloud forests

Doi Inthanon, Thailand’s highest peak with cloud forests

Doi Inthanon, 100 km southwest of Chiang Mai, is Thailand’s highest mountain. Around the summit (2565 m) are extensive montane cloud forests.

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Doi Suthep, impressive forest west of Chiang Mai

Doi Suthep, impressive forest west of Chiang Mai

Doi Suthep-Pui National Park in the mountains west of Chiang Mai is famous for its biodiversity. A network of trails link the summit with the lower slopes.

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First record of Ptyas nigromarginata in Thailand

The Green Rat Snake (Ptyas nigromarginata) was first recorded in Thailand in 2012. Thusfar it is only known to occur in dense montane forest in Nan Province.

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Golden Triangle in the eyes of early western explorers

Golden Triangle in the eyes of early western explorers

About travelers in the Golden Triangle in the late 19th and early 20th century with notes on poppy cultivation and hill tribes.

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Hemipenes, amazing copulatory organs of snakes

Hemipenes, amazing copulatory organs of snakes

Male snakes have a paired copulatory organ, the hemipenes, in the base of the tail. During intercourse only one of the everted hemipenes is inserted into the female cloaca. In many species the hemipenis is forked or covered with spines.

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Homalopsidae-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Homalopsidae (mud snakes). Six species are known to occur in northern Thailand, Enhydris plumbea (Yellow-bellied Water Snake) being the most widespread and common one.

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Huai Nam Dang National Park—hill tribes amidst dense forests

Huai Nam Dang National Park—hill tribes amidst dense forests

Huai Nam Dang National Park with Akha, Lahu and Lisu hill tribes, Mae Taeng river, mountain peaks, hot springs and waterfalls.

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Inthakhin ceremonies—Lawa spirits and the city pillar

Inthakhin ceremonies—Lawa spirits and the city pillar

Every year, for seven days in May or June, Chiang Mai’s Inthakhin Pillar on Wat Chedi Luang, in the heart of the walled city, is at the centre of ceremonies that go back to the city’s foundation in 1296.

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Khruba Si Wichai, Northern Thailand’s most venerated monk

Khruba Si Wichai, Northern Thailand’s most venerated monk

About the much venerated monk Khruba Si Wichai, who renovated dozens of temples in northern Thailand, and his role for regional chauvinism.

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King Chulalongkorn—the cult of the Great Modernizer

King Chulalongkorn—the cult of the Great Modernizer

During his long reign (1868-1910) King Chulalongkorn introduced many modern institutions. His reforms prevented Thailand’s colonization by foreign powers. The former king’s veneration soared in the 1980s.

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King Cobras, the largest venomous snakes

King Cobras, the largest venomous snakes

The king cobra, the largest venomous snake in the world, is common and occurs widely in Thailand. Its bite can be deadly but it is responsible for few victims.

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Lampang’s rock art at Pratu Pha

Lampang’s rock art at Pratu Pha

The fascinating prehistoric paintings on a limestone cliff at Pratu Pha, 50 km northeast of Lampang, could have been created by early cattle traders.

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Lisu New Year, enacting ethnic culture in the mountains

Lisu New Year, enacting ethnic culture in the mountains

The celebration of New Year in Thailand’s Lisu villages in historical perspective and the importance of repute and poppy cultivation.

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Lisu Road, Lisu villages along Highway 1322 to Wiang Haeng

Lisu Road, Lisu villages along Highway 1322 to Wiang Haeng

Half a dozen of Lisu villages straddle Highway 1322, a road crossing the scenic forested mountains between Chiang Dao and Wiang Haeng.

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Litchi, longan and rambutan—fruits from a soapy family

Litchi, longan and rambutan—fruits from a soapy family

The cultivation and culinary aspects of the litchi, longan and rambutan, especially in northern Thailand, with notes on biology, history and culture.

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Lycodon—4 species of wolf snakes in northern Thailand

Lycodon—4 species of wolf snakes in northern Thailand

At least four species of the wolf snake genus Lycodon occur in northern Thailand. These rather small, harmless animals are common and widespread in the region. Some of them may be confused with deadly kraits.

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Mangomania—a delicious fruit of the hot season

Mangomania—a delicious fruit of the hot season

Following Songkran, there will be mango season. Then, the mango, probably Thailand’s most popular fruit, is for sale almost everywhere.

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Mock cobras—their defensive posture resembles the cobra’s

Mock cobras—their defensive posture resembles the cobra’s

Two species of northern Thai snakes, not related to the cobras, raise and flatten their body as a defensive display. One is harmless and common, the other’s bite may be dangerous.

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Naresuan the Great, Thailand’s venerated warrior king

Naresuan the Great, Thailand’s venerated warrior king

About the veneration of the heroic king Naresuan of Ayutthaya.

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Natricidae-Illustrated check list snakes northern Thailand

About 12 species of snakes from the family Natricidae occur in northern Thailand.

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Pareidae-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Four species of snail-eating snakes from the family Pareidae occur in northern Thailand: Pareas carinatus, Pareas hamptoni, Pareas macularius, Pareas margaritophorus

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Penile inserts, a piercing tradition in Southeast Asia

Penile inserts, a piercing tradition in Southeast Asia

Implanting penile inserts has been a traditional custom among peoples throughout Southeast Asia. This practice is still alive in modern Thailand.

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Phi Ta Khon, the festival of ghosts in Dan Sai, Loei

Phi Ta Khon, the festival of ghosts in Dan Sai, Loei

About the colourful, masquerading fertility rituals, early in the rainy season in Loei’s Dan Sai district.

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Phu Hin Rong Kla, bizarre rock formations and montane forest

Phu Hin Rong Kla, bizarre rock formations and montane forest

The mountainous Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park, situated where Thailand’s northern, northeastern and central regions meet, and once the battlefield of a grim civil war, features odd rock formations and rare flowering plants.

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Pythonidae-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Three species of pythons are known to occur in northern Thailand: Broghammerus reticulatis, Python molurus and Python brongersmai

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Rangoon, Pegu—1980, 1984

Rangoon, Pegu—1980, 1984

A visit to Rangoon and Pegu in 1980 and 1984, in a time when Burma (now Myanmar) had just opened its borders to foreign tourists. Pictures and notes from my travel journal.

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Rhadinophis prasinus, the little known Green Tree Racer

Rhadinophis prasinus, the little known Green Tree Racer

The Green Tree Racer (Rhadinophis prasinus) is a little known medium-sized green tree snake. It occurs widely in the evergreen forests of northern Thailand.

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Sepak takro—insights from a popular sport in Thailand

In the 1950s anthropologist John Embree characterized Thai people as individualists and Thailand as a loosely-structured society. These concepts were popular until into the 1980s. In embryonic form they were already formulated in a little article on the sport takraw dating from 1948, Insights from this sport and its possibly hidden links with American anthropology in Thailand.

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Sibynophis collaris, the gentle Common Blackhead

Sibynophis collaris, the gentle Common Blackhead

This little brown snake with a black head occurs widely in Northern Thailand’s evergreen forests at elevations of 700-1800 m asl where it preys upon skinks.

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Snakes northern Thailand—illustrated checklist

An illustrated checklist of the more than 90 species of snakes that occur in northern Thailand.

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Splashing Songkran celebrations in Luang Prabang

Splashing Songkran celebrations in Luang Prabang

The celebration of mid-April’s traditional New Year in Luang Prabang — also known as the Water Throwing Festival — is one of the most exuberant in the region.

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Teak—the King of Timbers

Teak—the King of Timbers

Thailand’s teak trade in historical perspective, the qualities of teak wood, the role of teak wallahs, Burmans and elephants in the trade.

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Thai mushrooms—delicacies and things of beauty

Thai mushrooms—delicacies and things of beauty

Thousands of species of wild fungi are known in Thailand, while many species of mushrooms are cultivated and for sale in markets. During the rainy season, many Thai collect and sell a variety of wild mushrooms from the forest.

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The ultimate sacrifice

This story focuses on the episodes of the ‘lotus pond’ and the ‘delay of Matsi’ in the Buddha’s birth story Vessantara Jataka and is illustrated with many pictures of murals taken in northern Thai temples.

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Tigers—Lords of the vanishing forests

Tigers—Lords of the vanishing forests

No more than 300 endangered tigers live in the wild in Thailand. In the remote past man-eaters were known, but at present the remaining Thai tigers are typically shy.

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Tonle Sap—Cambodia’s pulsing heart

Tonle Sap—Cambodia’s pulsing heart

Tonle Sap or Great Lake is Southeast-Asia’s largest lake and the pulsing heart of Cambodia’s economy and civilization.

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Transsexuality in Northern Thailand—historical notes

Transsexuality in Northern Thailand—historical notes

Some historical notes on transvestism and transsexuality in Northern Thailand.

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Typhlopidae-Check list snakes northern Thailand

At least 4 species from the family Typhlopidae (blind snakes) occur in northern Thailand: Indotyphlops albiceps, White-headed Blind Snake, Indotyphlops braminus, Flowerpot Snake, Argyrophis diardii, Diard’s Blind Snake, Typhlops porrectus

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Viperidae-Check list snakes northern Thailand

The family Viperidae consists of vipers and pit-vipers. About 10 species occur in northern Thailand. such as the dangerous Siamese Russel’s Viper and Malayan Pit-viper, and the green pit-vipers of the genus Trimeresurus.

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Xenodermatidae-Check list snakes northern Thailand

Only one species from the family of Xenodermatid snakes occurs in northern Thailand, Parafimbrios lao. This snake has only been reported from evergreen mountain forest at high elevation (>1300 m) in Nan Province.

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